From their Bari synod, the bishops of the Mediterranean have denounced that European “economic interests” in the region “do not always reflect evangelical principles”.

– Bari archbishop: “Help old Europe live as a Church of the people”

Debates Thursday at the “Mediterranean, frontier of peace” forum in which 58 bishops from twenty countries and three continents are participating in focused on the theme of the transmission of the faith to the young generations, as SIR reported.

“We must and intend to work together more systematically”, Archbishop of Bari-Bitonto Francesco Cacucci said at a press conference presenting the advances of the February 20 debates, which included a pledge among the Mediterranean Churches to twin dioceses and exchange missionaries, among other measures.

“This would also help old Europe to live as a Church of the people”, Cacucci added.

Decrying those “economic interests” which distort Europe’s view of the countries beyond its southern and eastern shores, the Bari archbishop warned that “the Gospel is no reason for discrimination, for disrespecting these countries and the Christian communities living in these countries”.

Particularly in the Middle East, where persecuted Christians are living a “conspiracy of silence” that compounds their suffering, Cacucci denounced.

– Theologian: “Fundamentalism is always a defeat of the faith”

Other questions on the table Thursday included the demographic decline in southern Italy – where “35,000 people leave every year” just from Sicily alone, according to the Bishop of Acireale, Antonino Raspanti – to the “emergence of worrying theocratic claims” in some areas of the Mediterranean, as theologian Pina De Simone warned.

Whether in the “Middle Eastern or African countries experiencing a growing Islamization of the State and the destructive force of terrorist organisations” – or “in Western countries afflicted by a climate of disorientation that began with the crisis of the economic system and democratic institutions, and that respond to migratory flows by closing borders, ports and crossings” – fundamentalism “is always a defeat of the faith and a denial of the inherent humaneness of experiencing God”, De Simone denounced.

– Cardinal Omella of Barcelona: “In Europe, people look at the Church with discontent and disappointment”

For his part, Archbishop of Barcelona Cardinal Juan José Omella admitted that “we are experiencing in Europe a ‘globalisation of indifference’ and a change of era that does not allow us to glimpse solutions on the horizon and the way forward”.

“In Europe, people look at the Church with discontent and disappointment”, especially because of the plague of clergy sex abuse and the belief that the European Churches have a lot of money, Omella acknowledged.

For that reason, the Barcelona cardinal insisted that the faith be transmitted first and foremost today by witness, not by words, and that Christian communities should be marked first of all by communion, fraternity, love and joy, since that is what attracts the new generations most of all.

– History professor: “Doing the possible and the impossible” to achieve peace

On Friday, the bishops at the Bari synod turned their gaze to geopolitical challenges in the Mediterranean, such as wars, migrations and economic crises.

“The Mediterranean is once again a crucial quadrant for the dynamics of the global world. Talking about the Mediterranean means facing a multiple universe”, Adriano Roccucci, professor of modern history at the Roma Tre University, told the assembled prelates.

“There is a particular responsibility of Christians in these difficult times”, Roccucci told the bishops.

“It is about doing the possible and the impossible to facilitate the end of wars, to foster reconciliation processes… [and] to combat hate and prejudice we need concrete and tenacious paths of dialogue and friendship”, the academic insisted.

– Looking forward to the Pope’s visit Sunday

Activities at the Bari synod will continue Saturday, with the organisation of an assembly for general conclusions that will be condensed into a final synod document, followed by a public event in Bari’s Petruzzelli Theatre entitled “In the Same Boat”.

On Sunday, Pope Francis will travel to Bari to address the meeting, to celebrate a closing open-air Mass and to receive the final document of the bishops.

Next on Novena:

Three cardinals urge EU governments, bishops’ conferences to take in refugees “stuck indefinitely” on Greek islands

Novena’s coverage of the Bari Mediterranean ‘synod’:

On first day of Bari ‘synod’, bishops deplore “economic and interested wall” dividing Mediterranean

Spanish-Moroccan cardinal blasts Europe for “nearsighted, selfish, individualistic and unfair” migration policy

Vatican, Italian cardinals look forward to Bari ‘synod’ as start of “great Mediterranean spring”

Catholic Archbishop of Athens: “Greece is determined to break the shackles of the economic and financial crisis”

Vicar apostolic in Turkey: “The Mediterranean has forgotten its vocation to hospitality”

Athens Catholic archbishop accuses EU of “great inconsistency” on migrants

Spanish-African bishops insist: “No Christian should have a negative attitude towards immigrants”

Italian bishop: Bari ‘Mediterranean Synod’ to transform “sea of death” into “welcoming haven”

Spanish-Moroccan cardinal calls for Synod on migration: “The Mediterranean cannot continue to be a frontier of death”

Sarajevo cardinal: “There is still no peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina”


PhD in ancient Jewish/Christian history and philosophy. University ethics lecturer with 4 years' experience in religion journalism.