In the General Audience today, Pope Francis deplored the “sin” of the murder by US police of unarmed black man George Floyd, insisting that in the Church “we cannot tolerate racism and yet claim to defend the sacredness of every human life”.
Catechesis on the “prayer of Abraham”
This morning’s general audience took place at 9.30 in the Library of the Vatican Apostolic Palace.
In his address in Italian, the Pope continued his cycle of catechesis on prayer, focusing on the theme: “The prayer of Abraham” (Gen 15: 1, 3-6).
After summarising his catechesis in various languages, the Holy Father addressed special greetings to the faithful.
The general audience concluded with the recitation of the Pater Noster and the Apostolic Blessing.
We must not be afraid of arguing with God!
Full text of the Pope’s catechesis
Dear brothers and sisters, good morning!
There is a voice that resounds unexpectedly in the life of Abraham. A voice that invites him to set out on a path that sounds absurd: a voice that spurs him to uproot himself from his homeland, from the roots of his family, to move towards a new future, a different future. And all on the basis of a promise, which can only be trusted.
And to trust in a promise is not easy, it takes courage. And Abraham trusted.
[The] Bible is silent with regard to the past of the first patriarch. Logic would suggest that he worshipped other divinities; perhaps he was a wise man, used to peering at the sky and the stars. The Lord, in fact, promises him that his descendants will be as numerous as the stars that dot the sky.
And Abraham leaves. He hears God’s voice and trusts His word.
This is important: he trusts in God’s word.
And with this departure a new way of conceiving the relationship with God is born; it is for this reason that the Patriarch Abraham is present in the great Jewish, Christian and Islamic spiritual traditions as the perfect man of God, capable of submitting to Him, even when His will is difficult, if not even incomprehensible.
Abraham is therefore the man of the Word. When God speaks, men and women become the receiver of that Word and their life the place where it asks to be incarnated.
This is a great novelty in humanity’s religious journey: the life of the believer begins to be conceived of as a vocation, that is, as a calling, as a place where a promise is fulfilled; and he or she moves in the world not so much under the weight of an enigma, but with the strength of that promise, which one day will be fulfilled.
And Abraham believed in God’s promise. He believed and he went, without knowing where he was going – so says the Letter to the Hebrews (see 11: 8). But he trusted.
Reading the book of Genesis, we discover how Abraham lived prayer in continuous fidelity to that Word, which periodically appeared on his path.
In short, we can say that in Abraham’s life, faith becomes history. Faith becomes history. Or rather, Abraham, with his life, by his example, teaches us this way, this path on which faith becomes history.
God is no longer seen only in cosmic phenomena, as a distant God who can inspire terror. The God of Abraham becomes “my God”, the God of my personal history, who guides my steps, who does not abandon me; the God of my days, the companion of my adventures; the God of Providence.
I ask myself, and I ask you: do we have this experience of God? “My God”; the God who accompanies me, the God of my personal history, the God who guides my steps, who does not abandon me, the God of my days? Do we have this experience? Let us think about this a little.
This experience of Abraham is also testified to in one of the most original texts in the history of spirituality: the Memorial of Blaise Pascal. It begins as follows: “God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob, not of philosophers and wise men. Certainty, certainty. Sentiment. Joy. Peace. God of Jesus Christ”.
This memorial, written on a small parchment, and found after his death stitched inside a philosopher’s robe, expresses not an intellectual reflection that a wise man like him might conceive about God, but the living, experienced sense of his presence.
Pascal even notes the precise moment in which he felt that reality, having finally encountered it: the evening of November 23, 1654. It is not an abstract God or a cosmic God, no. It is the God of a person, of a calling, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, of Jacob, the God who is certainty, who is sentiment, who is joy.
“Abraham’s prayer is expressed first by deeds: a man of silence, he constructs an altar to the Lord at each stage of his journey” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2570).
Abraham does not build a temple, but rather scattered the path with stones recalling the passing of God. A surprising God, such as when He visits him in the figure of three guests, whom he and Sarah welcome with care and who announce to them the both of their son Isaac (see Gen 18: 1-15).
Abraham was a hundred years old, his wife ninety, more or less. And they believed, they trusted in God. And Sarah, his wife, conceived. At that age! This is the God of Abraham, our God, who accompanies us.
And so Abraham becomes familiar with God, even able to argue with Him, but always faithful. He speaks with God and argues. Up to the supreme test, when God asks him to sacrifice his very own son, Isaac, the old man’s son, his only heir.
Here Abraham lives faith like a drama, like walking on tenterhooks in the night, under a sky this time without stars. And very often this happens to us too, to walk in the dark, but with faith. God Himself stops the hand of Abraham when he is about to strike, because He saw that he was truly willing (see Gen 22: 1-19).
Brothers and sisters, let us learn from Abraham, let us learn to pray with faith: listen to the Lord, walk, dialogue to the point of arguing.
We must not be afraid of discussing with God!
I will also say something that seems to be a heresy. Many times I have heard people say: “You know, this happened to me and I am angry with God”. “Do you have the courage to be angry with God?”.
“Yes, I am angry”. “But this is a form of prayer”. Because only a son or daughter is capable of being angry with his or her father and then meeting him again.
Let us learn from Abraham to pray with faith, to dialogue, to discuss, but always willing to accept God’s word and put it into practice.
With God, we learn to speak like a son to his father: to listen to him, to answer, to argue. But transparent, like a son with his father. This is how Abraham teaches us to pray. Thank you.
A warning to the US on “self-destructive and self-defeating” violence: “Nothing is gained and so much is lost”
Full text of the Pope’s greeting in English
I greet the English-speaking faithful joining us through the media.
Dear brothers and sisters in the United States, I have witnessed with great concern the disturbing social unrest in your nation in these past days, following the tragic death of Mr George Floyd.
My friends, we cannot tolerate or turn a blind eye to racism and exclusion in any form and yet claim to defend the sacredness of every human life.
At the same time, we have to recognise that “the violence of recent nights is self-destructive and self-defeating. Nothing is gained by violence and so much is lost”.
Today I join the Church in Saint Paul and Minneapolis, and in the entire United States, in praying for the repose of the soul of George Floyd and of all those others who have lost their lives as a result of the sin of racism.
Let us pray for the consolation of their grieving families and friends and let us implore the national reconciliation and peace for which we yearn.
May Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mother of America, intercede for all those who work for peace and justice in your land and throughout the world.
May God bless all of you and your families.
To the elderly, the young, the sick and newlyweds: “Trust in the Holy Spirit”
The Pope’s greeting in Italian
I greet Italian-speaking faithful. The coming Feast of the Holy Trinity leads us back to the mystery of the intimate life of the One and Triune God, the centre of the Christian faith, and stimulates us to find our comfort and inner peace in God’s love.
I address a thought to the elderly, the young, the sick and the newlyweds. Trust in the Holy Spirit, “who is Lord and gives life”, and be open to His love so that you might transform your lives, your families and your communities.
(Source: Holy See Press Office)